Colorectal cancer testing in Canada--2008

Health Rep. 2009 Sep;20(3):21-30.


Objectives: This article provides estimates of the report level of colorectal cancer (CRC) testing in the Canadian population aged 50 or older in 2008.

Data sources and methods: The data are from the 2008 Canadian Community Health Survey. With weighted data, the percentage of people who had undergone CRC testing (fecal occult blood test in the past two years or endoscopy within the past five years) was estimated. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine testing status in relation to personal, socio-economic and other health-related characteristics.

Results: In 2008, an estimated 40% of Canadians aged 50 or older reported that they had had CRC testing. The percentage ranged from 28% in Quebec to 53% in Manitoba. Testing was associated with being 65 or older, higher income, having a regular doctor, being a non-smoker, and being physically active.

Interpretation: Organized CRC screening was limited in 2008, but may account for some of the differences in participation among the provinces.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Colonoscopy / statistics & numerical data
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Occult Blood