Delphinidin attenuates stress injury induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Chem Biol Interact. 2010 Jan 5;183(1):105-12. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2009.09.024.


Moderate consumption of natural dietary polyphenolic compounds can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Here we investigated the protective effects of delphinidin against oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced damage in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The MTT assay showed that 2h pre-incubation with delphinidin markedly restored the oxLDL-induced viability loss in HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect was accompanied by a significant decrease in intracellular reactive oxygen species. Moreover, delphinidin imposed preventive effects on suppressing the production of lipid peroxidation, restoring the activities of endogenous antioxidants, and increasing the level of nitric oxide. Pre-incubation of delphinidin with HUVECs led to the reduction of apoptosis. Finally, delphinidin can efficiently prevent the down-regulation of Bcl-2 protein and up-regulation of Bax protein. Together, our findings suggest that delphinidin can effectively protect HUVECs against oxidative stress induced by oxLDL, which may be important for preventing both plaque development and stability in atherosclerosis.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / chemistry
  • Anthocyanins / pharmacology*
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Apoptosis
  • Atherosclerosis / drug therapy
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects*
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / toxicity*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Umbilical Veins / cytology
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism


  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • oxidized low density lipoprotein
  • Nitric Oxide
  • delphinidin