Development of cost-effective media to increase the economic potential for larger-scale bioproduction of natural food additives by Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Debaryomyces hansenii , and Aspergillus niger

J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10414-28. doi: 10.1021/jf901911c.


Yeast extract (YE) is the most common nitrogen source in a variety of bioprocesses in spite of the high cost. Therefore, the use of YE in culture media is one of the major technical hurdles to be overcome for the development of low-cost fermentation routes, making the search for alternative-cheaper nitrogen sources particularly desired. The aim of the current study is to develop cost-effective media based on corn steep liquor (CSL) and locally available vinasses in order to increase the economic potential for larger-scale bioproduction. Three microorganisms were evaluated: Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Debaryomyces hansenii , and Aspergillus niger . The amino acid profile and protein concentration was relevant for the xylitol and citric acid production by D. hansenii and A. niger , respectively. Metals also played an important role for citric acid production, meanwhile, D. hansenii showed a strong dependence with the initial amount of Mg(2+). Under the best conditions, 28.8 g lactic acid/L (Q(LA) = 0.800 g/L.h, Y(LA/S) = 0.95 g/g), 35.3 g xylitol/L (Q(xylitol) = 0.380 g/L.h, Y(xylitol/S) = 0.69 g/g), and 13.9 g citric acid/L (Q(CA) = 0.146 g/L.h, Y(CA/S) = 0.63 g/g) were obtained. The economic efficiency (E(p/euro)) parameter identify vinasses as a lower cost and more effective nutrient source in comparison to CSL.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus niger / chemistry
  • Aspergillus niger / metabolism*
  • Citric Acid / analysis
  • Citric Acid / metabolism
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Culture Media / analysis
  • Culture Media / economics*
  • Culture Media / metabolism
  • Debaromyces / chemistry
  • Debaromyces / metabolism*
  • Fermentation
  • Food Additives / analysis
  • Food Additives / metabolism*
  • Industrial Microbiology / economics*
  • Industrial Microbiology / methods*
  • Lactic Acid / analysis
  • Lactic Acid / metabolism
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus / chemistry
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus / metabolism*
  • Xylitol / analysis
  • Xylitol / metabolism


  • Culture Media
  • Food Additives
  • Citric Acid
  • Lactic Acid
  • Xylitol