Anti-dengue virus nonstructural protein 1 antibodies recognize protein disulfide isomerase on platelets and inhibit platelet aggregation

Mol Immunol. 2009 Dec;47(2-3):398-406. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2009.08.033. Epub 2009 Oct 12.


Hemorrhagic syndrome is a hallmark of severe dengue diseases. We previously suggested a mechanism of molecular mimicry in which antibodies against dengue virus (DV) nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) cross-react with platelets. In the present study, we demonstrate that protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) on the platelet surface is recognized by anti-DV NS1 antibodies. Anti-DV NS1 obtained from hyperimmunized mouse sera inhibited PDI activity and platelet aggregation, and both inhibitory effects were prevented when anti-DV NS1 antibodies were preabsorbed with PDI. Anti-PDI antibodies bound to a peptide consisting of amino acid residues 311-330 (P311-330) of NS1. This peptide was a predicted epitope analyzed by homologous sequence alignments between DV NS1 and PDI. The platelet binding activities of anti-PDI and anti-DV NS1 antibodies were both reduced by P311-330 preabsorption. Similar to the findings using anti-DV NS1, antibodies against P311-330 bound to PDI and platelets, followed by inhibition of PDI activity and platelet aggregation. Furthermore, the cross-reactivity of dengue hemorrhagic fever patient sera with platelets was reduced when patient sera were preabsorbed with PDI or P311-330. Dengue hemorrhagic fever patient sera also inhibited platelet aggregation, while PDI or P311-330 reduced this inhibitory effect. In conclusion, anti-DV NS1 antibodies cross-react with PDI on platelet surface causing inhibition of platelet aggregation, which may provide implications in dengue disease pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absorption
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology*
  • Blood Platelets / enzymology*
  • Blood Platelets / immunology*
  • Cell Extracts / immunology
  • Cross Reactions / immunology
  • Dengue Virus / immunology*
  • Epitopes / immunology
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / immunology
  • Platelet Aggregation / immunology*
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerases / chemistry
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerases / immunology*
  • Severe Dengue / immunology
  • Severe Dengue / virology
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins / chemistry
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Cell Extracts
  • Epitopes
  • NS1 protein, Dengue virus type 2
  • Peptides
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins
  • Protein Disulfide-Isomerases