Adult outcomes of preterm children

J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2009 Oct;30(5):460-70. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3181ba0fba.


The survivors of the initial years of neonatal intensive care of preterm infants reached adulthood during the last decade. Reports of their adult outcomes examined have included neurodevelopmental, behavioral and health outcomes as well as social functioning and reproduction. Despite statistically significant differences between preterm young adults and controls in most outcomes studied, the majority of preterm survivors do well and live fairly normal lives. The two major predictors of adult outcomes are lower gestational age that reflect perinatal injury and family sociodemographic status which reflects both genetic and environmental effects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aging
  • Behavior*
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature*
  • Intensive Care, Neonatal*
  • Mental Processes*
  • Pregnancy