The stanley neuropathology consortium integrative database: a novel, web-based tool for exploring neuropathological markers in psychiatric disorders and the biological processes associated with abnormalities of those markers

Neuropsychopharmacology. 2010 Jan;35(2):473-82. doi: 10.1038/npp.2009.151.


An integrative database, Stanley Neuropathology Consortium Integrative Database (SNCID) (, has been developed to facilitate psychiatric research. The SNCID includes 1749 neuropathological markers measured in 12 different brain regions in 60 human subjects (15 each schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and unaffected controls). Genome-wide expression microarray datasets from three independent studies are also included. Statistical analysis tools such as variance analysis, correlation analysis, and functional annotation tools have been integrated into the database. In this report, we first replicate an earlier correlation analysis between genome-wide expression profiles and an abnormal cytoarchitectural marker using the SNCID. We then show the potential for identifying neuropathological markers that are abnormal in subjects with psychiatric disorders. We also identify biological pathways associated with several abnormal neuropathological markers, including those in the dopamine, glutamate, Reelin, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic systems. Data exploration using the SNCID may provide insights into the biological pathways associated with the neurotransmitter abnormalities identified in subjects with major psychiatric disorders.

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers*
  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Databases, Factual / statistics & numerical data*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genome-Wide Association Study / methods
  • Genome-Wide Association Study / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / genetics
  • Mental Disorders / metabolism
  • Mental Disorders / pathology*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Neurochemistry / methods
  • Neurochemistry / statistics & numerical data
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / genetics
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Reelin Protein
  • Software*


  • Biomarkers
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Reelin Protein
  • RELN protein, human