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Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma Resulting in Cauda Equina Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma Resulting in Cauda Equina Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Tuncay Kaner et al. Cases J.

Abstract

Spinal epidural hematoma is a well known complication of spinal surgery. Clinically insignificant small epidural hematomas develop in most spinal surgeries following laminectomy. However, the incidence of clinically significant postoperative spinal epidural hematomas that result in neurological deficits is extremely rare. In this report, we present a 33-year-old female patient whose spinal surgery resulted in postoperative spinal epidural hematoma. She was diagnosed with lumbar disc disease and underwent hemipartial lumbar laminectomy and discectomy. After twelve hours postoperation, her neurologic status deteriorated and cauda equina syndrome with acute spinal epidural hematoma was identified. She was immediately treated with surgical decompression and evacuation of the hematoma. The incidence of epidural hematoma after spinal surgery is rare, but very serious complication. Spinal epidural hematomas can cause significant spinal cord and cauda equina compression, requiring surgical intervention. Once diagnosed, the patient should immediately undergo emergency surgical exploration and evacuation of the hematoma.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Preoperative axial MRI.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Postoperative SEH axial MRI.
Figure 3.
Figure 3.
Axial MRI after SEH evacuation.

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Cited by 3 PubMed Central articles

References

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