The purpose of this study was to determine whether p53 immunoreactivity in tumor-stromal fibroblasts assessed by the Allred scoring system in biopsy specimens obtained before neoadjuvant therapy and assessed in surgical specimens obtained after neoadjuvant therapy is significantly associated with nodal metastasis by invasive ductal carcinoma and with the outcome of 318 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma who received neoadjuvant therapy, according to UICC pathologic TNM stage, in multivariate analyses with well-known clinicopathologic factors. The Allred scores for p53 in tumor-stromal fibroblasts in the surgical specimens were significantly associated with the presence of nodal metastasis. The Allred scores for p53 in the tumor-stromal fibroblasts of biopsy and surgical specimens were a very important outcome predictive factor for patients who received neoadjuvant therapy, independent of UICC pathologic TNM status, but the outcome predictive power of the Allred scores for p53 in tumor-stromal fibroblasts assessed in the surgical specimens was superior to that of the Allred scores for p53 in tumor-stromal fibroblasts in the biopsy specimens. The results indicated a close association between p53 protein expression in tumor-stromal fibroblasts, especially in surgical specimens, and both the presence of nodal metastasis and the outcome of invasive ductal carcinoma patients who received neoadjuvant therapy.
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