Sleep characteristics of children and adolescents with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2009 Oct;18(4):863-76. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2009.04.011.

Abstract

This article reviews sleep characteristics of children and adolescents who have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Research on sleep disturbances in individuals who have ADHD without comorbid conditions, measured both objectively and subjectively, is first presented. The impact of primary sleep disorders associated with ADHD is then discussed. The effects of psychiatric comorbidities on the sleep patterns of children and adolescents who have ADHD are then reviewed, and sleep alterations associated with medications used to treat ADHD and comorbid conditions are addressed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / drug therapy
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / epidemiology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / adverse effects
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Parenting / psychology
  • Polysomnography
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / chemically induced
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / psychology

Substances

  • Central Nervous System Stimulants