Noonan syndrome and neurofibromatosis type I in a family with a novel mutation in NF1

Clin Genet. 2009 Dec;76(6):524-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01233.x. Epub 2009 Oct 21.


Noonan syndrome (NS) and neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) belong to a group of clinically related disorders that share a common pathogenesis, dysregulation of the RAS-MAPK pathway. NS is characterized by short stature, heart defect, pectus deformity and facial dysmorphism, whereas skin manifestations, skeletal defects, Lisch nodules and neurofibromas are characteristic of NF1. Both disorders display considerable clinical variability. Features of NS have been observed in individuals with NF1 -a condition known as neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NFNS). The major gene causing NFNS is NF1. Rarely, a mutation in PTPN11 in addition to an NF1 mutation is present. We present the clinical and molecular characterization of a family displaying features of both NS and NF1, with complete absence of neurofibromas. To investigate the etiology of the phenotype, mutational analysis of NF1 was conducted, revealing a novel missense mutation in exon 24, p.L1390F, affecting the GAP-domain. Additional RAS-MAPK pathway genes were examined, but no additional mutations were identified. We confirm that NF1 mutations are involved in the etiology of NFNS. Furthermore, based on our results and previous studies we suggest that evaluation of the GAP-domain of NF1 should be prioritized in NFNS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Family
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / complications*
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / genetics*
  • Neurofibromin 1 / genetics*
  • Noonan Syndrome / complications*
  • Noonan Syndrome / genetics*
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • p120 GTPase Activating Protein / chemistry


  • Neurofibromin 1
  • p120 GTPase Activating Protein