Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation in the newborn: review of literature and evidence-based guidelines

J Perinatol. 2010 Aug;30(8):505-12. doi: 10.1038/jp.2009.165. Epub 2009 Oct 22.


Various modes of nasal continuous positive airway pressure have been well established as a means of providing non-invasive respiratory support in the neonate. Recent reports suggest that nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation may offer a better alternative, as a mode of non-invasive ventilation. This article will critically review the literature and provide some practical guidelines of the use of this technique in neonates.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure / methods
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure / standards*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation / methods
  • Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation / standards*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy*