A common JAK2 germline haplotype (46/1) has been associated with JAK2V617F (VF)-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms. The rs12343867 SNP (C/T) tags this haplotype. A total of 130 patients (77 VF-positive) with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) were analyzed for this informative SNP, using bone marrow-derived DNA. The observed 46/1 C allele frequencies in VF-positive (50%) and VF-negative (36%) patients were both significantly higher than expected in population controls (P<0.01). Genotype distributions in VF-positive/VF-negative patients were CC 31%/9%, CT 38%/53% and TT 31%/38% (P=0.01). CC genotype/C-allele frequencies in patients with <20% VF mutation burden (12%/37%) were similar (P=0.95) to those seen in VF-negative patients (9%/36%), but were significantly lower (P<0.01) than those seen in the presence of >50% mutation burden ( approximately 67%/71%). The rs12343867 genotype did not correlate with the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score or karyotype. Unexpectedly, the TT genotype was associated with shortened survival (P<0.01), which was not accounted for by IPSS score or VF allele burden. We conclude that JAK2 germline genetic variation affects disease susceptibility, and possibly survival, in PMF, regardless of VF mutational status. Allelic distortion from acquired uniparental disomy contributes to the appearance of a more pronounced effect on disease susceptibility in VF-positive patients, when studying clonally affected tissue.