The hrcA and hspR Regulons of Campylobacter Jejuni

Microbiology. 2010 Jan;156(Pt 1):158-66. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.031708-0. Epub 2009 Oct 22.


The human pathogen Campylobacter jejuni has a classic heat shock response, showing induction of chaperones and proteases plus several unidentified proteins in response to a small increase in growth temperature. The genome contains two homologues to known heat shock response regulators, HrcA and HspR. Previous work has shown that HspR controls several heat-shock genes, but the hrcA regulon has not been defined. We have constructed single and double deletions of C. jejuni hrcA and hspR and analysed gene expression using microarrays. Only a small number of genes are controlled by these two regulators, and the two regulons overlap. Strains mutated in hspR, but not those mutated in hrcA, showed enhanced thermotolerance. Some genes previously identified as being downregulated in a strain lacking hspR showed no change in expression in our experiments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Campylobacter jejuni / genetics*
  • Campylobacter jejuni / metabolism
  • Gene Deletion
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • Heat-Shock Response
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • RNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Regulon*
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • HspR protein, bacteria
  • RNA, Bacterial
  • Repressor Proteins