Glycogen-rich clear-cell carcinoma of the breast: a clinicopathologic and flow cytometric study

Hum Pathol. 1991 Jan;22(1):81-3. doi: 10.1016/0046-8177(91)90066-x.


Six glycogen-rich clear-cell carcinomas (GCC) were found among 439 cases of breast cancer (BC) in a thorough search among a defined urban population. Five of these six patients had axillary lymph node metastases at diagnosis and all five died from their breast cancer within 7 years following the diagnosis. Tumors with histologic features of GCC were larger (P = 0.03), and they had a large DNA index (greater than 1.3) in flow cytometric DNA analysis more frequently than BCs in general (P = 0.04). All GCCs were nondiploid and had a high S-phase fraction (greater than 9%, mean 19.2%), which suggests that BCs with glycogen-rich cell features may be more aggressive than BCs in general.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Glycogen / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Ploidies
  • Prognosis


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Glycogen