Arrestin development: emerging roles for beta-arrestins in developmental signaling pathways

Dev Cell. 2009 Oct;17(4):443-58. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2009.09.011.


Arrestins were identified as mediators of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) desensitization and endocytosis. However, it is now clear that they scaffold many intracellular signaling networks to modulate the strength and duration of signaling by diverse types of receptors--including those relevant to the Hedgehog, Wnt, Notch, and TGFbeta pathways--and downstream kinases such as the MAPK and Akt/PI3K cascades. The involvement of arrestins in many discrete developmental signaling events suggests an indispensable role for these multifaceted molecular scaffolds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arrestins / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Humans
  • Signal Transduction*
  • beta-Arrestins


  • Arrestins
  • beta-Arrestins