Polycystin-1 interacts with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor to modulate intracellular Ca2+ signaling with implications for polycystic kidney disease

J Biol Chem. 2009 Dec 25;284(52):36431-36441. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.068916. Epub 2009 Oct 23.


The PKD1 or PKD2 genes encode polycystins (PC) 1 and 2, which are associated with polycystic kidney disease. Previously we demonstrated that PC2 interacts with the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) to modulate Ca(2+) signaling. Here, we investigate whether PC1 also regulates IP(3)R. We generated a fragment encoding the last six transmembrane (TM) domains of PC1 and the C-terminal tail (QIF38), a section with the highest homology to PC2. Using a Xenopus oocyte Ca(2+) imaging system, we observed that expression of QIF38 significantly reduced the initial amplitude of IP(3)-induced Ca(2+) transients, whereas a mutation lacking the C-terminal tail did not. Thus, the C terminus is essential to QIF38 function. Co-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that through its C terminus, QIF38 associates with the IP(3)-binding domain of IP(3)R. A shorter PC1 fragment spanning only the last TM and the C-terminal tail also reduced IP(3)-induced Ca(2+) release, whereas another C-terminal fragment lacking any TM domain did not. Thus, only endoplasmic reticulum-localized PC1 can modulate IP(3)R. Finally, we show that in the polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, heterologous expression of full-length PC1 resulted in a smaller IP(3)-induced Ca(2+) response. Overexpression of the IP(3)-binding domain of IP(3)R reversed the inhibitory effect of PC1, suggesting interaction of full-length PC1 (or its cleavage forms) with endogenous IP(3)R in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. These results indicate that the behavior of full-length PC1 in mammalian cells is congruent with that of PC1 C-terminal fragments in the oocyte system. These data demonstrate that PC1 inhibits Ca(2+) release, perhaps opposing the effect of PC2, which facilitates Ca(2+) release through the IP(3)R.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Signaling*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Polarity / genetics
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors / genetics
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors / metabolism*
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases / genetics
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases / metabolism*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics
  • TRPP Cation Channels / genetics
  • TRPP Cation Channels / metabolism*
  • Xenopus laevis


  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors
  • TRPP Cation Channels
  • polycystic kidney disease 1 protein
  • polycystic kidney disease 2 protein