This case-control study aims to explore the association of serum adiponectin/leptin with childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Study participants were 75 children with histologically confirmed HL, registered in the Nationwide Registry for Childhood Haematological Malignancies and 75 age- and gender-matched controls. Multiple conditional logistic regression analyses were performed, adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle parameters. Adiponectin levels were consistently higher among cases in all models with ORs >1.25; 95% CIs ranging from 0.9 to 1.8 and P-values from 0.09 to 0.20. By contrast, there was no association of serum leptin with HL. In conclusion, elevated serum adiponectin might be a risk factor for childhood HL.
(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.