Purpose: To assess the influence of pravastatin therapy on cancer morbidity and mortality by a meta-analysis of individual patient data (IPD) from three independent Japanese large-scale clinical trials.
Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of IPD collected from three large-scale prospective studies, the Management of Elevated Cholesterol in the Primary Prevention Group of Adult Japanese (MEGA) Study, Kyushu Lipid Intervention Study (KLIS), and Hokuriku Lipid Coronary Heart Disease Study-Pravastatin Atherosclerosis Trial (Holicos-PAT), which compared cardiovascular outcomes with pravastatin therapy and non-statin therapy in Japanese patients with hypercholesterolemia over a follow-up period of >or=4 years. The incidence of cancer or cancer death in the pravastatin and non-statin therapy groups was compared by multivariate Cox proportional hazard models stratified by trial. Subgroup analyses by sex and age were also conducted using the same methods.
Results: In a total of 13 724 patients (mean age, 58 years; women, 48%) included in the analyses, pravastatin was not associated with an increased risk of developing cancer (hazard ratio [HR], 0.99; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.81-1.19). Similarly, pravastatin therapy did not statistically affect cancer death (HR, 0.86; 95%CI, 0.61-1.21). Moreover, in subgroups analyses, no influence was observed on cancer incidence or death in relation to sex and age.
Conclusion: Pravastatin did not increase the rate of cancer incidence or cancer death in a large population of Japanese patients followed for >70,000 patient-years.
Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.