How to adapt effective programs for use in new contexts

Health Promot Pract. 2011 Jan;12(1):25-35. doi: 10.1177/1524839909348592. Epub 2009 Oct 26.


A wide variety of underused effective HIV prevention programs exist. This article describes sources for obtaining such effective programs and issues to consider in selecting an existing effective program for use with one's priority population. It also discusses seven steps involved in adapting an effective program to meet the needs of a new context while preserving core components (what made, or is believed to have made, the intervention effective in the first place) and best practices (characteristics common to effective programs). Although the examples presented are from the HIV prevention field, the seven-step framework is applicable to the adaptation of effective programs in other health promotion and disease prevention arenas.

MeSH terms

  • Efficiency, Organizational*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Models, Organizational
  • Program Development*
  • Risk Reduction Behavior