Imaging response criteria for recurrent gliomas treated with bevacizumab: role of diffusion weighted imaging as an imaging biomarker

J Neurooncol. 2010 Feb;96(3):423-31. doi: 10.1007/s11060-009-9981-6. Epub 2009 Oct 27.


The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of diffusion weighted imaging as an additional imaging biomarker for treatment response in recurrent/progressive malignant gliomas treated with bevacizumab alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Twenty patients treated with bevacizumab alone or concurrent chemotherapy were followed up with serial MR imaging. Volume and ADC values of contrast enhancing lesion (CEL(vol), CEL(ADC)) and also of non-enhancing lesion (NEL(vol), NEL(ADC)) were obtained. CEL(vol) showed a progressive decrease in non-progressors with a median percentage change of -73.2% (P = 0.001) as compared to -33.4% for progressors by 1 year/last imaging (P = 0.382). NEL(vol) also showed a decrease in non-progressors on follow up imaging though only significant for 3 months follow up (P = 0.042). In progressors, CEL(vol) and NEL(vol) showed initial decrease followed by slight increase by 1 year/last imaging though not significant (P value of 0.382 and 0.46, respectively). CEL(ADC) and NEL(ADC) in non-progressors did not show any statistically significant change though there was slight trend for positive percent change especially for CEL(ADC) by 1 year/last imaging follow up study (P value of 0.077 and 0.339, respectively). Progressors showed a progressive negative percent change of CEL(ADC) and NEL(ADC). In progressors, NEL(ADC) decreased at 6 weeks (P = 0.054), 3 months (P = 0.023) and 1 year/last (P = 0.078) as compared to baseline study and was also statistically significant as compared to non-progressors at 6 weeks (P = 0.047) and 3 months (P = 0.025). CEL(ADC) and NEL(ADC) appear to follow different trends over time for non-progressors and progressors with a stable to slightly progressive increase in non-progressors and a progressive decrease in progressors, especially early on. These findings suggest that DWI may be used as an additional imaging biomarker for early treatment response.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Bevacizumab
  • Brain Mapping
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glioma / drug therapy*
  • Glioma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Bevacizumab