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. 2009 Dec;30(12):1676-82.
doi: 10.1002/humu.21118.

Pseudoexon Exclusion by Antisense Therapy in Methylmalonic Aciduria (MMAuria)

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Pseudoexon Exclusion by Antisense Therapy in Methylmalonic Aciduria (MMAuria)

B Pérez et al. Hum Mutat. .

Abstract

Development of pseudoexon exclusion therapies by antisense modification of pre-mRNA splicing represents a type of personalized genetic medicine. Here we present the cellular antisense therapy and the cell-based splicing assays to investigate the effect of two novel deep intronic changes c.1957-898A>G and c.1957-920C>A identified in the methylmalonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) mutase (MUT) gene. The results show that the nucleotide change c.1957-898A>G is a pathological mutation activating pseudoexon insertion and that antisense morpholino oligonucleotide (AMO) treatment in patient fibroblasts leads to recovery of MUT activity to levels 25 to 100% of control range. On the contrary, the change c.1957-920C>A, identified in two fibroblasts cell lines in cis with c.1885A>G (p.R629G) or c.458T>A (p.D153V), appears to be a rare variant of uncertain clinical significance. The functional analysis of c.1885A>G and c.458T>A indicate that they are the disease-causing mutations in these two patients. The results presented here highlight the necessity of scanning the described intronic region for mutations in MUT-affected patients, followed by functional analyses to demonstrate the pathogenicity of the identified changes, and extend previous work of the applicability of the antisense approach in methylmalonic aciduria (MMAuria) for a novel intronic mutation.

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