Outcomes of type II thyroplasty for adductor spasmodic dysphonia: analysis of revision and unsatisfactory cases

Acta Otolaryngol. 2009 Nov;129(11):1287-93. doi: 10.3109/00016480802620639.


Conclusion: The factors responsible for the observed failures can be broken into two major groups: (1) a wrong indication and (2) an inadequate technique to achieve relief from an excessively tight glottal closure. The use of a titanium bridge in place of a silicone shim was found to be essential. Type II thyroplasty can relieve the symptoms of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) when implemented with a modern technique using titanium bridges.

Objectives: To identify the factor or factors that necessitated revision surgery in type II thyroplasty for AdSD, detailed analytical examinations were made of individual cases with unsatisfactory outcomes.

Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis of a case series with follow-up periods of 2-5 years.

Results: Ninety AdSD patients underwent type II thyroplasty. The results in one patient were limited because a pathological mechanism other than AdSD was also involved. One patient, a singer, who wanted a more intense voice for singing was dissatisfied with the results. In three patients, the material used for fixation was inadequate. In two other patients, the method of application of the fixative material was found to be insufficient as it did not include both the upper and lower sides.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aphonia / surgery
  • Cartilage / transplantation
  • Dysarthria / surgery
  • Dysphonia / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Reoperation
  • Silicones*
  • Sound Spectrography
  • Thyroid Cartilage / surgery*
  • Titanium*
  • Torticollis / complications
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Voice Quality
  • Young Adult


  • Silicones
  • Titanium