Fertility issues in women with diabetes

Womens Health (Lond). 2009 Nov;5(6):701-7. doi: 10.2217/whe.09.47.


Diabetes mellitus Type 1 and Type 2 should be considered in the differential diagnosis of menstrual abnormalities and infertility. The reproductive period of diabetic women may be reduced due to delayed menarche and premature menopause. During the reproductive years, diabetes has been associated with menstrual abnormalities, such as oligomenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea. It was found that better glycemic control and prevention of diabetic complications improves these irregularities and increases fertility rates close to those that are seen in the general population. Women with persistent menstrual abnormalities despite adequate treatment need to be approached by broader evaluation, which will include the examination of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis and the hormonal status, presence of autoimmune thyroid disease and antiovarian autoantibodies, and hyperandrogenism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases / complications
  • Blood Glucose
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / etiology*
  • Infertility, Female / physiopathology
  • Infertility, Female / prevention & control
  • Menopause
  • Menstruation Disturbances / complications*
  • Obesity / complications
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / complications


  • Blood Glucose