Evaluation of mammary gland immunity and therapeutic potential of Tinospora cordifolia against bovine subclinical mastitis

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010 Apr;42(4):645-51. doi: 10.1007/s11250-009-9471-z. Epub 2009 Oct 30.


Enhancement of the diseased mammary gland immunity and therapeutic potential of hydro-methanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia (T. cordifolia; stem) in bovine subclinical mastitis was investigated. Somatic cell count (SCC), total bacterial count (TBC), phagocytic activity, and leukocyte lysosomal enzymes like myeloperoxidase and acid phosphatase activity and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) level were evaluated after intramammary infusion of hydro-methanolic extract (stem) of T.cordifolia in diseased cows. The qualitative analysis of the extract revealed the presence of polysaccharide, phenol, alkaloid, and protein. Intramammary infusion of hydro-methanolic extract of T. cordifolia treatment initially enhanced the SCC; thereafter, significant reduction in cell count (P < 0.05) was observed on day 15 of the treatment period, however, reduction in TBC was observed from day 3 onwards. The phagocytic activity of milk polymorphonuclear cells enhanced in the diseased cows treated with the T. cordifolia extract. Similarly, the lysosomal enzyme content of the milk polymorphonuclear cells enhanced significantly (P < 0.05) in diseased cows treated with T. cordifolia. The IL-8 level in milk serum also increased significantly (P < 0.05) in diseased cows treated with the herb extract. The results suggest that the hydro-methanolic extract of T.cordifolia (stem) possesses antibacterial and immunomodulatory properties. In the present study, the biological activity of the Tinospora cordifolia extract at standardized dose against bovine subclinical mastitis is reported for the first time. Development of alternative therapy with medicinal plants is an option for livestock farmers who are not allowed to use the conventional allopathic drugs under certain farming system or cannot afford to use allopathic drugs.

MeSH terms

  • Acid Phosphatase / analysis
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cell Count / veterinary
  • Female
  • Interleukin-8 / analysis
  • Mastitis, Bovine / drug therapy*
  • Mastitis, Bovine / immunology*
  • Mastitis, Bovine / microbiology
  • Milk / cytology
  • Milk / enzymology
  • Milk / microbiology
  • Muramidase / analysis
  • Neutrophils / cytology
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • Neutrophils / microbiology
  • Peroxidase / analysis
  • Phagocytosis
  • Phytotherapy / methods*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Plant Stems / chemistry
  • Tinospora / chemistry*
  • Tinospora / immunology


  • Interleukin-8
  • Plant Extracts
  • Peroxidase
  • Acid Phosphatase
  • Muramidase