OBSL1 mutations in 3-M syndrome are associated with a modulation of IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 expression levels

Hum Mutat. 2010 Jan;31(1):20-6. doi: 10.1002/humu.21150.


3-M syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation and minor skeletal changes. We have previously identified CUL7 as a disease-causing gene but we have also provided evidence of genetic heterogeneity in the 3-M syndrome. By homozygosity mapping in two inbred families, we found a second disease locus on chromosome 2q35-36.1 in a 5.2-Mb interval that encompasses 60 genes. To select candidate genes, we performed microarray analysis of cultured skin fibroblast RNA from one patient, looking for genes with altered expression; we found decreased expression of IGFBP2 and increased expression of IGFBP5. However, direct sequencing of these two genes failed to detect any anomaly. We then considered other candidate genes by their function/location and found nine distinct mutations in the OBSL1 gene in 13 families including eight nonsense and one missense mutations. To further understand the links between OBSL1, CUL7, and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs), we performed real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) analysis for OBSL1, CUL7, IGFBP2, and IGFBP5, using cultured fibroblast RNAs from two patients with distinct OBSL1 mutations (p.F697G; p.H814RfsX15). We found normal CUL7 mRNA levels but abnormal IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 mRNA levels in the two patients, suggesting that OBSL1 modulates the expression of IGFBP proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Child
  • Codon, Nonsense / genetics*
  • Cullin Proteins / genetics
  • Cullin Proteins / metabolism
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • Family
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Growth Disorders / ethnology
  • Growth Disorders / genetics*
  • Growth Disorders / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Syndrome


  • CUL7 protein, human
  • Codon, Nonsense
  • Cullin Proteins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
  • OBSL1 protein, human
  • RNA, Messenger