Rejected tea as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue

J Hazard Mater. 2010 Mar 15;175(1-3):126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.138. Epub 2009 Oct 3.


The adsorption of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution using a low-cost adsorbent, rejected tea (RT), has been studied by batch adsorption technique. The adsorption experiments were carried out under different conditions of initial concentration (50-500 mg/L), solution pH 3-12, RT dose (0.05-1g) and temperature (30-50 degrees C). The equilibrium data were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms and the equilibrium adsorption was best described by the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum monolayer adsorption capacities found to be 147, 154 and 156 mg/g at 30, 40 and 50 degrees C, respectively. Three kinetic models, pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion were employed to describe the adsorption mechanism. The experimental results showed that the pseudo-second-order equation is the best model that describes the adsorption behavior with the coefficient of correlation R(2)>or=0.99. The results suggested that RT has high potential to be used as effective adsorbent for MB removal.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Coloring Agents / chemistry
  • Coloring Agents / isolation & purification
  • Diffusion
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Industrial Waste
  • Kinetics
  • Methylene Blue / chemistry
  • Methylene Blue / isolation & purification*
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning / methods
  • Solutions
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Tea*
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification*
  • Water Purification / economics
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Coloring Agents
  • Industrial Waste
  • Solutions
  • Tea
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Methylene Blue