Guide to Receptors and Channels (GRAC), 4th Edition

Br J Pharmacol. 2009 Nov;158 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S1-254. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00499.x.


The fourth edition of the Guide to Receptors and Channels is a compilation of the major pharmacological targets divided into seven sections: 7-transmembrane receptors, ligand-gated ion channels, ion channels, catalytic receptors, nuclear receptors, transporters and enzymes. These are presented with nomenclature guidance and summary information on the best available pharmacological tools, alongside suggestions for further reading.

Publication types

  • Dictionary

MeSH terms

  • Ion Channels*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear*


  • Ion Channels
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear