Evaluation of PINK1 variants in Indian Parkinson's disease patients

Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2010 Mar;16(3):167-71. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2009.10.005. Epub 2009 Nov 3.


Mutations in PINK1 have been identified in familial and sporadic cases of early onset Parkinson's disease (PD). To determine the contribution of PINK1 variants in Indian PD patients, the gene was screened in 250 patients and 205 ethnically matched controls by polymerase chain reaction, single-stranded conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing. Two potentially pathogenic variants (Arg246Gln & Arg276Gln) were detected in the heterozygous state in 5 patients; none of the patients carried homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations. In addition, 13 other variants were identified, including a known polymorphism (Ala340Thr), a few synonymous or intronic changes, none of which are likely to be pathogenic. Unlike the Chinese population, the Ala340Thr variant did not show any association with PD in Indian population. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) selected from dbSNP were genotyped in 531 normal, healthy individuals representing different ethnic groups of India. Most of the SNP markers were observed to be highly heterozygous among Indians, which could be used for segregation analysis of PINK1 alleles in familial PD cases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amino Acids / genetics
  • Animals
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Humans
  • India
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / genetics*
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Young Adult


  • Amino Acids
  • Protein Kinases
  • PTEN-induced putative kinase