Time warp: authorship shapes the perceived timing of actions and events

Conscious Cogn. 2010 Mar;19(1):481-9. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2009.10.002. Epub 2009 Nov 6.


It has been proposed that inferring personal authorship for an event gives rise to intentional binding, a perceptual illusion in which one's action and inferred effect seem closer in time than they otherwise would (Haggard, Clark, & Kalogeras, 2002). Using a novel, naturalistic paradigm, we conducted two experiments to test this hypothesis and examine the relationship between binding and self-reported authorship. In both experiments, an important authorship indicator - consistency between one's action and a subsequent event - was manipulated, and its effects on binding and self-reported authorship were measured. Results showed that action-event consistency enhanced both binding and self-reported authorship, supporting the hypothesis that binding arises from an inference of authorship. At the same time, evidence for a dissociation emerged, with consistency having a more robust effect on self-reports than on binding. Taken together, these results suggest that binding and self-reports reveal different aspects of the sense of authorship.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Awareness
  • Form Perception
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Judgment*
  • Models, Psychological
  • Orientation
  • Personal Autonomy
  • Psychomotor Performance*
  • Reaction Time
  • Self Concept*
  • Time Perception*