Global analysis of mutual interaction surfaces of nucleosomes with comprehensive point mutants

Genes Cells. 2009 Nov;14(11):1271-330. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2009.01350.x.


The surfaces of core histones in nucleosome are exposed as required for factor recognition, or buried for histone-DNA and histone-histone interactions. To understand the mechanisms by which nucleosome structure and function are coordinately altered in DNA-mediated reactions, it is essential to define the roles of both exposed and buried residues and their functional relationships. For this purpose, we developed GLASP (GLobal Analysis of Surfaces by Point mutation) and GLAMP (GLobal Analysis of Mutual interaction surfaces of multi-subunit protein complex by Point mutation) strategies, both of which are comprehensive analyses by point mutagenesis of exposed and buried residues in nucleosome, respectively. Four distinct DNA-mediated reactions evaluated by Ty suppression (the Spt(-) phenotype), and sensitivities to 6-azauracil (6AU), hydroxyurea (HU), and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), require common and different GLAMP residues. Mutated GLAMP residues at the interface between histones H2A and H2B mainly affect the Spt(-) phenotype but not HU and MMS sensitivities. Interestingly, among the mutated GLAMP residues surrounding the histone H3-H3' interface, some equally affect the Spt(-) phenotype, and HU and MMS sensitivities, whereas others differentially affect the Spt(-) phenotype, and HU and MMS sensitivities. Based on these and other results, the functional relationships among chromatin factors and GLASP and GLAMP residues provide insights into nucleosome disassembly/assembly processes in DNA-mediated reactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chromatin / chemistry
  • Chromatin / genetics*
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
  • Histones / chemistry
  • Histones / genetics*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Nucleosomes / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary


  • Chromatin
  • Histones
  • Nucleosomes