Strength training improves 5-min all-out performance following 185 min of cycling

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011 Apr;21(2):250-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01035.x.


To investigate the effects of heavy strength training on the mean power output in a 5-min all-out trial following 185 min of submaximal cycling at 44% of maximal aerobic power output in well-trained cyclists. Twenty well-trained cyclists were assigned to either usual endurance training combined with heavy strength training [E+S; n=11 (♂=11)] or to usual endurance training only [E; n=9 (♂=7, ♀=2)]. The strength training performed by E+S consisted of four lower body exercises [3 × 4-10 repetition maximum (RM)], which were performed twice a week for 12 weeks. E+S increased 1 RM in half-squat (P≤0.001), while no change occurred in E. E+S led to greater reductions than E in oxygen consumption, heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and rate of perceived exertion (P<0.05) during the last hour of the prolonged cycling. Further, E+S increased the mean power output during the 5-min all-out trial (from 371 ± 9 to 400 ± 13 W, P<0.05), while no change occurred in E. In conclusion, adding strength training to usual endurance training improves leg strength and 5-min all-out performance following 185 min of cycling in well-trained cyclists.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Bicycling / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Resistance Training*
  • Task Performance and Analysis