Herpes simplex encephalitis: an autopsy case with isolation of type 1 herpes simplex virus

Acta Neuropathol. 1977 Sep 26;40(1):91-3. doi: 10.1007/BF00688578.


An adult case of herpes simplex encephalitis was studied after autopsy. Postmortem examination revealed necrotizing encephalitis associated with Cowdry type A intranuclear inclusion bodies in glial cells. Herper simplex virus type 1 was isolated from the removed brain. Herpes simplex virus antigens were detected diffusely in wide areas of the brain by immunofluorescent test and viral particles characteristic to herpes simplex virus were demonstrated by electron microscopy. There was an apparent discrepancy between severity of histological changes and distribution of virus antigen.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antigens, Viral / analysis
  • Autopsy
  • Encephalitis / pathology*
  • Herpes Simplex / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Inclusion Bodies
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Neuroglia
  • Simplexvirus / isolation & purification


  • Antigens, Viral