Epidemiology, prevention and management of ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections in children

Pediatr Neurosurg. 2009;45(5):325-36. doi: 10.1159/000257520. Epub 2009 Nov 11.


The advent of ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS) represented a substantial progress in the neurosurgical management of hydrocephalus in children. VPS infection is the most frequently observed complication. VPS infection is related to substantial morbidity and mortality, and exerts a negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Considerable personnel and financial resources have been devoted to its diagnosis and treatment. This article reviews the current literature and includes suggestions for the prevention, diagnosis and management of VPS infections.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / epidemiology*
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery*
  • Incidence
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections* / epidemiology
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections* / prevention & control
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections* / therapy
  • Risk Factors
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt / adverse effects*
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt / statistics & numerical data*