The effectiveness of a postbaccalaureate program for students from disadvantaged backgrounds

Acad Med. 2009 Oct;84(10 Suppl):S42-5. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181b37bd0.


Background: This study examines the long-term effectiveness of an institutional postbaccalaureate program designed to provide an opportunity for students from disadvantaged backgrounds to enter medicine in response to diversity needs.

Method: An 18-year retrospective analysis of the academic outcomes, performance, progress, and specialty choices of postbaccalaureate participants. Comparisons across cohorts were conducted using chi-square tests, t tests, and ANOVA.

Results: Ninety-four percent (94%) of the postbaccalaureate students successfully completed the program and matriculated into medical school. Sixty-four percent (64%) of the matriculants have graduated from medical school, and 26% are still enrolled. More than 50% of the graduates selected primary care specialty fields.

Conclusions: The implementation of the postbaccalaureate program provided a successful strategy to diversify the medical school student body and increase the number of physicians from disadvantaged backgrounds in the medical profession following the mission-driven commitment of the medical school.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Education, Graduate*
  • Education, Medical*
  • Humans
  • Program Evaluation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Vulnerable Populations*