Associations Between Psychotic-Like Symptoms and inattention/hyperactivity Symptoms

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011 Jan;46(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s00127-009-0165-7. Epub 2009 Nov 12.

Abstract

Objective: Our aim was to study the association between psychotic-like symptoms and inattention/hyperactivity symptoms in a general adolescent population.

Subjects and methods: The sample is based on a population-based prospective mother-child birth cohort, the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. In the 15-16-year follow-up survey, the adolescents completed the Youth Self-Report questionnaire as well as the PROD-Screen questionnaire that addressed prodromal symptoms of psychosis. Meanwhile, their parents assessed inattention and hyperactive symptoms of their offspring by completing the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD Symptoms and Normal Behaviors questionnaire (N = 5,318). The cross-sectional associations between psychotic-like symptoms and inattention/hyperactivity symptoms were studied with logistic regression models.

Results: The association between negative psychotic-like symptoms and inattention symptoms, especially the dreamy type of inattention symptoms (e.g., difficulties in organizing tasks, losing things, being forgetful), was statistically significant for both genders. Psychotic-like symptoms, however, were not associated with hyperactivity symptoms.

Conclusions: The present findings demonstrate that an association between psychotic-like symptoms and attentional dysfunction, which has been found in clinical samples, is also present in a general adolescent population.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / epidemiology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies / statistics & numerical data
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Diseases / statistics & numerical data
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Psychotic Disorders / epidemiology
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology*
  • Self Report
  • Surveys and Questionnaires