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. 2010 Nov 15;53(3):1016-22.
doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.11.010. Epub 2009 Nov 12.

Additive Effect of NRG1 and DISC1 Genes on Lateral Ventricle Enlargement in First Episode Schizophrenia

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Additive Effect of NRG1 and DISC1 Genes on Lateral Ventricle Enlargement in First Episode Schizophrenia

Ignacio Mata et al. Neuroimage. .

Abstract

Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) and Disrupted-in-schizophrenia (DISC1) genes, which are candidate genes for schizophrenia, are implicated in brain development. We have previously reported an association between the T allele of the rs6994992 SNP within NRG1 gene and lateral ventricle (LV) enlargement in first-episode schizophrenia patients. Moreover, transgenic mice with mutant DISC1 have also been reported as showing LV enlargement. In this study, we examined the possible interactive effects of NRG1 and DISC1 on brain volumes in a sample of first-episode schizophrenia patients. Ninety-one patients experiencing their first episode of schizophrenia underwent genotyping of three SNPs within DISC1 and structural brain MRI. These results were combined with our previously reported genotypes on three SNPs within NRG1. The T/T genotype of rs2793092 SNP in DISC1 was significantly associated with increased LV volume. However, taking into account the rs6994992 SNP in the NRG1 gene, which was also associated with LV volume in a previous study, the DISC1 SNP only predicted LV enlargement among those patients carrying the T allele in the NRG1 SNP. Those patients with the "at risk" allelic combinations in both genes had LV volumes which were 48% greater than those with none of the allelic combinations. Our findings suggest that NRG1 and DISC1 genes may be associated with brain abnormalities in schizophrenia through their influence on related pathways of brain development.

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