NMR investigations of the N-linked oligosaccharides at individual glycosylation sites of human lutropin

Eur J Biochem. 1991 Jan 1;195(1):257-68. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1991.tb15702.x.


Human lutropin or luteinizing hormone (hLH) is a heterodimeric glycoprotein, composed of two subunits. hLH alpha (N-glycosylated at Asn52 and Asn78) and hLH beta (N-glycosylated at Asn30). The sugar chains were liberated by hydrazinolysis from intact hLH beta and from glycopeptides obtained after tryptic digestion of hLH alpha, subsequently reduced and fractionated as alditols by anion-exchange and ion-suppression amine-adsorption HPLC and identified mainly by one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The results indicate predominantly diantennary. N-acetyllactosamine-type structures at all three glycosylation sites. The oligosaccharides attached to Asn52 (hLH alpha) and Asn30 (hLH beta) show a remarkably similar pattern, with mainly chain-terminating 4-sulphated 2-deoxy-2-N-acetylamino-D-galactose (GalNAc) and a sulphated/sialylated structure as the major single component. However, virtually all N-glycans on the beta subunit bear a fucose residue alpha 1-6-linked to the proximal GlcNAc, whereas those at Asn52 (and Asn78) of the alpha subunit are predominantly non-fucosylated. The oligosaccharides at Asn78 (hLH alpha) are sialylated rather than sulphated and contain the unique sequence NeuAc alpha 2-6 GalNAc beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1-2 Man alpha 1-3 as part of the majority of mono- and disialylated compounds. The major single constituent at Asn78 has the following structure: [formula, see text]

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Asparagine
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Glycosylation
  • Humans
  • Luteinizing Hormone / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligosaccharides / chemistry*
  • Oligosaccharides / isolation & purification


  • Oligosaccharides
  • Asparagine
  • Luteinizing Hormone