Background and objectives: Peritoneal carcinomatosis in women frequently has an ovarian origin. Hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) along with radical surgery/peritonectomy could present a new therapeutic approach with curative intention. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the role of the administration of HIPEC.
Methods: A series of patients (N=26) diagnosed with peritoneal carcinomatosis for recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (stage III) from January 1997 to December 2004 submitted to radical surgery/peritonectomy with optimal cytoreduction (R0-R1) were included in this study, 14 treated with HIPEC and 12 without HIPEC.
Results: The variables age, histologic type, peritonectomy procedures, peritoneal cancer index (PCI) and lymph node affectation were similar in both groups. The 5-year global survival was 58% and 17% (p=0.046), and 67% and 29% in patients with maximal cytoreduction (R0) (p=0.264), in the HIPEC- and non-HIPEC-treated patients, respectively. In patients with optimal cytoreduction and partial peritonectomy, 5-year global survival was also superior in the HIPEC group (75% vs. 11%, p=0.011). Average time free of disease was superior in the HIPEC group (48+/-42 vs. 24+/-21 months), with less reinterventions due to a new reappearance during the first three evolutionary years (2/14 vs. 4/12). Postoperative morbidity did not show substantial differences in both groups and there was no surgical mortality.
Conclusions: HIPEC is a complement to radical surgery/ peritonectomy, which has been shown to be a surgical procedure with high tolerability, low morbimortality, enhanced survival and prolonged disease-free interval in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis for recurrent ovarian cancer.