Development of SNP-based human identification system

Int J Legal Med. 2010 Mar;124(2):125-31. doi: 10.1007/s00414-009-0389-9.


Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) appeal to the forensic DNA community because of their abundance in the human genome, low mutation rate, small amplicon size, and feasibility of high-throughput genotyping technologies.In an initial screening, we identified six SNP markers of sex determination by resequencing the amelogenin genes and the zinc finger protein genes located on the sex chromosomes. Furthermore, for use in human identification,we selected 30 highly polymorphic autosomal SNP markers from among a human population and examined the potential utility of these SNP markers for human identification.The combined mean match probability of 30 SNP markers was 4.83 x 10(-13). Using genotyping data from 8,842 unrelated Korean individuals, we also found that discrimination power increased 10-fold for the addition of every five SNP markers in human identification. In this study, we demonstrated that SNP markers are very useful for sex determination and human identification, even in a very homogeneous population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amelogenin / genetics
  • DNA Fingerprinting / methods*
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Male
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Racial Groups / genetics
  • Republic of Korea
  • Sequence Analysis
  • Sex Determination Processes


  • Amelogenin
  • Genetic Markers
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
  • ZFY protein, human
  • zinc finger protein, X-linked