Diagnosing prosopagnosia: effects of ageing, sex, and participant-stimulus ethnic match on the Cambridge Face Memory Test and Cambridge Face Perception Test

Cogn Neuropsychol. 2009 Jul;26(5):423-55. doi: 10.1080/02643290903343149. Epub 2009 Nov 16.


The Cambridge Face Memory Test (CFMT) and Cambridge Face Perception Test (CFPT) have provided the first theoretically strong clinical tests for prosopagnosia based on novel rather than famous faces. Here, we assess the extent to which norms for these tasks must take into account ageing, sex, and testing country. Data were from Australians aged 18 to 88 years (N = 240 for CFMT; 128 for CFPT) and young adult Israelis (N = 49 for CFMT). Participants were unselected for face recognition ability; most were university educated. The diagnosis cut-off for prosopagnosia (2 SDs poorer than mean) was affected by age, participant-stimulus ethnic match (within Caucasians), and sex for middle-aged and older adults on the CFPT. We also report internal reliability, correlation between face memory and face perception, correlations with intelligence-related measures, correlation with self-report, distribution shape for the CFMT, and prevalence of developmental prosopagnosia.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / psychology*
  • Australia
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Face
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Israel
  • Male
  • Memory*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests / standards*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Prosopagnosia / diagnosis*
  • Prosopagnosia / psychology*
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Sex Factors
  • Young Adult