Amperometric cholesterol biosensors based on the electropolymerization of pyrrole and aniline in sulphuric Acid for the determination of cholesterol in serum

Artif Cells Blood Substit Immobil Biotechnol. 2009;37(6):273-8. doi: 10.3109/10731190903356453.


A new amperometric cholesterol biosensor was prepared by immobilizing cholesterol oxidase by a glutaraldehyde crosslinking procedure on polypyrrole-polyaniline (ppy-pani) composite film on the surface of a platinum electrode. In order to prepare a biosensor for the determination of cholesterol, electropolymerization of pyrrole and aniline on Pt surface was performed with an electrochemical cell containing pyrrole and aniline in sulphuric acid by cyclic voltammetry between 0.0 and 0,7 V (vs.Ag/AgCl) at a scan rate of 50 mV upon Pt electrode. The amperometric determination is based on the electrochemical detection of H(2)O(2), which is generated in enzymatic reaction of cholesterol. The cholesterol determined by the oxidation of enzymatically generated H(2)O(2) at 0.7 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The optimized cholesterol oxidase biosensor displayed linear working range and a response time of 300 s. The effects of pH and temperature were investigated and optimum parameters were found to be 7.0, 25 degrees C, respectively. In addition to this, the stability and reproducibility of biosensor were tried. Operational stability of the proposed cholesterol biosensor was obtained by periodical measurements of the biosensor response. Biosensor at optimum activity conditions was used in 30 activity assays in one day to determine the operational stability. The results show that 82% of the response current was retained after 30 activity assays. The electrode was stored in a refrigerator at 4 degrees C after the measurements. The storage stability of the biosensor was determined by performing activity assays within 23 days. The results demonstrate that 60% of the response current was retained after 23 days. Preparing biosensor is used for the analysis of cholesterol in serum.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aniline Compounds / chemistry
  • Biosensing Techniques / instrumentation
  • Biosensing Techniques / methods*
  • Biosensing Techniques / standards
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Cholesterol Oxidase*
  • Electrodes
  • Enzymes, Immobilized
  • Glutaral / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / analysis
  • Pyrroles / chemistry
  • Sulfuric Acids / chemistry


  • Aniline Compounds
  • Enzymes, Immobilized
  • Pyrroles
  • Sulfuric Acids
  • Cholesterol
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Cholesterol Oxidase
  • sulfuric acid
  • aniline
  • Glutaral