Traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage: is the CT pattern related to outcome?

Br J Neurosurg. 2009 Dec;23(6):601-5. doi: 10.3109/02688690902948184.


It is believed by many neurosurgeons that in addition to age and neurological status, the CT patterns of traumatic intracerebral haemorrhages are related to outcome. The aim of this study was to find out whether this is the case. The study was conducted in a regional level I trauma centre in Hong Kong. We prospectively collected data of patients with traumatic intracerebral haematomas over a 4-year period. Of 464 patients with head injuries, traumatic intracerebral haematoma was significantly associated with inpatient mortality and one year unfavorable outcome after adjustment for age, sex, post-resuscitation GCS, and presence of acute subdural haematoma. One hundred-and-fourteen patients had traumatic intracerebral haematomas and were included for further analysis. The mean age was 49, the male to female ratio was 2 to 1, and the median Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score on admission was 12. Logistic regression analysis showed that age and GCS score/GCS motor component score were significant factors for inpatient mortality, one-year mortality and one-year outcome. There was an association between temporal haematomas and inpatient mortality, subdural haematomas and inpatient mortality, and bilateral haematomas and unfavourable one-year outcome. In patients with severe head injury, a traumatic haematoma of more than 50 ml was associated higher inpatient mortality. In addition to age and GCS score, the CT patterns of bilateral haematomas, temporal haematomas and associated subdural haematomas were suggestive of poor outcome or mortality.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic / mortality
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic / surgery
  • Female
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Hematoma, Subdural / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Subdural / mortality
  • Hematoma, Subdural / surgery
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome