Does regional pollen load affect the prevalence of clinical allergy to those pollen groups?

J Laryngol Otol. 2010 Mar;124(3):297-301. doi: 10.1017/S0022215109991873. Epub 2009 Nov 23.

Abstract

Objective: To test the association between clinical allergic sensitisation to pollens and the profile and load of those pollens, in Ankara, Turkey.

Materials and methods: Forty-three patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis were included. Clinical sensitisation to various pollens was compared with 10-year counts of the same pollens. The ratios of sensitisation to various pollen groups, and the association between clinical sensitisation and pollen load, were investigated.

Results: Grass pollen allergy was the leading cause of seasonal allergic rhinitis, followed by tree pollen allergy. In Ankara, the most common type of airborne tree pollen was salicacea; however, the commonest clinical tree pollen allergies were due to the betulaceae and fagaceae families.

Conclusions: Higher concentrations of airborne pollens may not always result in a higher prevalence of clinical allergy to those pollens.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Allergens / immunology*
  • Betulaceae
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
  • Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Fagaceae
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pollen / classification
  • Pollen / immunology*
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / epidemiology*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / immunology*
  • Salicaceae
  • Skin Tests
  • Trees
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Allergens