Facilitation of fatty acid uptake by CD36 in insulin-producing cells reduces fatty-acid-induced insulin secretion and glucose regulation of fatty acid oxidation

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Feb;1801(2):191-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2009.11.002. Epub 2009 Nov 18.

Abstract

Facilitation of fatty acid uptake in beta cells could potentially affect beta cell metabolism and secretory function; however such effects have not been clearly documented. CD36 facilitates uptake of fatty acids (FA) in muscle and adipose tissue and is likely to exert a similar effect in beta cells. We investigated the impact of over-expressing CD36 on fatty acid uptake and beta cell function by a Tet-on system in INS-1 cells. Doxycycline dose-dependently increased the CD36 protein with localization mainly in the cell membrane. Over-expression increased both specific uptake and efflux of oleate whereas intracellular glycerides were only marginally increased and incorporation of 14C-oleate or -palmitate into di- or triglycerides not affected. The normal potentiation of glucose-induced insulin secretion by acute addition of FA (50-100 micromol/l oleate and palmitate) was lost and the normal inhibitory effect of high glucose both on oleate oxidation and on the activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I was reduced. Over-expression did not induce apoptosis. We conclude that induction of the CD36 transporter increases uptake of FA, the consequences of which are blunting of the functional interplay between glucose and FA on insulin secretion and oxidative metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • CD36 Antigens / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Doxycycline / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry*
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells / drug effects
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells / metabolism*
  • Ion Channels / genetics
  • Ion Channels / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Proteins / genetics
  • Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Uncoupling Protein 2

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • CD36 Antigens
  • Fatty Acids
  • G-protein-coupled receptor 40, rat
  • Insulin
  • Ion Channels
  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Uncoupling Protein 2
  • Glucose
  • Doxycycline