High organochlorine accumulation in blubber of Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis, from Brazilian coast and its use to establish geographical differences among populations

Environ Pollut. 2010 May;158(5):1800-8. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.11.002. Epub 2009 Nov 22.


Blubber samples from 33 Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) from three estuaries (Guanabara, Sepetiba/Ilha Grande and Paranaguá Bays) of Southern and Southeastern Brazil were analyzed for organochlorine compounds (DDTs, PCBs and HCB). The sampled individuals were incidentally captured in gillnet fishery between 1995 and 2005. The concentrations (in ng/g lipids) varied from 652 to 23 555 for SigmaDDT; from 765 to 99 175 for SigmaPCB; and from <4.4 to 156 for HCB. The results have shown that cetaceans from Brazil present organochlorine concentrations that are comparable to those reported for highly industrialized regions of Northern Hemisphere. Using discriminant analysis it was possible to verify that the dolphin populations from the three bays present different organochlorine accumulation patterns. This feature allows the use of this set of pollutants as an auxiliary tool for identification of different populations of the species off Brazilian Coast.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / chemistry*
  • Animals
  • Brazil
  • Dolphins / classification*
  • Dolphins / metabolism*
  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / metabolism*
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls / metabolism
  • Seawater / analysis
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism*


  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls