Growth Hormone Stimulates the Collagen Synthesis in Human Tendon and Skeletal Muscle Without Affecting Myofibrillar Protein Synthesis

J Physiol. 2010 Jan 15;588(Pt 2):341-51. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.179325. Epub 2009 Nov 23.

Abstract

In skeletal muscle and tendon the extracellular matrix confers important tensile properties and is crucially important for tissue regeneration after injury. Musculoskeletal tissue adaptation is influenced by mechanical loading, which modulates the availability of growth factors, including growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), which may be of key importance. To test the hypothesis that GH promotes matrix collagen synthesis in musculotendinous tissue, we investigated the effects of 14 day administration of 33-50 microg kg(-1) day(-1) recombinant human GH (rhGH) in healthy young individuals. rhGH administration caused an increase in serum GH, serum IGF-I, and IGF-I mRNA expression in tendon and muscle. Tendon collagen I mRNA expression and tendon collagen protein synthesis increased by 3.9-fold and 1.3-fold, respectively (P < 0.01 and P = 0.02), and muscle collagen I mRNA expression and muscle collagen protein synthesis increased by 2.3-fold and 5.8-fold, respectively (P < 0.01 and P = 0.06). Myofibrillar protein synthesis was unaffected by elevation of GH and IGF-I. Moderate exercise did not enhance the effects of GH manipulation. Thus, increased GH availability stimulates matrix collagen synthesis in skeletal muscle and tendon, but without any effect upon myofibrillar protein synthesis. The results suggest that GH is more important in strengthening the matrix tissue than for muscle cell hypertrophy in adult human musculotendinous tissue.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Collagen / biosynthesis
  • Collagen / drug effects*
  • Collagen / genetics
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Fluoroimmunoassay
  • Human Growth Hormone / administration & dosage*
  • Human Growth Hormone / blood
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / genetics
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism
  • Male
  • Muscle Proteins / genetics
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Protein Biosynthesis / drug effects
  • Protein Biosynthesis / physiology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tendons / drug effects*
  • Tendons / metabolism
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Muscle Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • Collagen