The experiences of older adults in the community dying from cancer and non-cancer causes: a national survey of bereaved relatives

Age Ageing. 2010 Jan;39(1):86-91. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afp212. Epub 2009 Nov 23.


Background: there is limited understanding of symptoms and care in the last few months of life for adults dying from causes other than cancer.

Objective: the aim of the study is to compare the experiences in the community in the last 3 months of life of older adults dying from cancer and non-cancer causes.

Design: the study employed a retrospective cross-sectional survey of bereaved relatives.

Setting: the survey took place across eight cancer networks in England.

Subjects: a random sample of 1,266 adults who registered a death occurring in someone aged 65 and over between August 2002 and February 2004 was drawn.

Methods: VOICES (Views of Informal Carers-Evaluation of Services) questionnaires were sent to sampled informants by the Office for National Statistics 3-9 months after the registration of the death. Differences in the reported experiences of cancer and non-cancer decedents in symptoms, treatment and care were assessed using Pearson's chi square test.

Results: cancer decedents were significantly more likely than non-cancer decedents to have had pain (93 vs 79%, P < 0.001), nausea and vomiting (62 vs 40%, P < 0.001) and constipation (74 vs 66%, P = 0.03), whilst a greater proportion of non-cancer decedents experienced breathlessness (74 vs 65%, P = 0.006). Across both groups, less than half of the decedents were reported to have received treatment which completely relieved their symptoms some or all of the time. There were significant variations in the receipt of district nursing, general practitioner care and other health and social care and the reported quality of this care, for decedents dying of cancer and non-cancer causes. Further, informants for cancer deaths reported greater satisfaction with support received.

Conclusions: there are important differences in the reported experiences of older adults dying from cancer and non-cancer causes in the last months of life, independent of age.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bereavement
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Cause of Death
  • Community Health Services
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • England
  • Family*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / psychology
  • Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Palliative Care / psychology
  • Palliative Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Quality of Life
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Terminal Care / statistics & numerical data*