Objectives: Studies concerning the prophylactic treatment of chronic migraine are scarce, with topiramate being the most thoroughly studied drug at this respect. The aim of our study was to assess if pregabalin could be useful in the preventive management of chronic migraine.
Methods: Thirty consecutive chronic migraine patients, 24 women and 6 men, aged 24 to 75 years and not receiving any other prophylactic medication, were treated with pregabalin for 12 weeks. The initial daily dosage was 75 mg, subsequently adjusted according to the drug's efficacy and the individual patients' tolerability at 2-week intervals. Patients kept a headache diary from 4 weeks before drug administration until the study ended, and headache impact test (HIT-6) was administered at baseline and at 4-week intervals. The main outcome variable was the change from baseline to end point in headache frequency. The secondary outcome variables included changes in headache severity, rescue medication intake, HIT-6 scores, and adverse reactions to pregabalin.
Results: Pregabalin treatment was associated to significant decreases in headache frequency (P < 0.0001) and severity (P = 0.0005), rescue medication intake (P < 0.0001), and HIT-6 scores (P < 0.0001). Patients with daily headache performed worse than those with nondaily headache, showing no change in headache frequency and less relevant reduction of HIT-6 scores. The most frequent adverse reactions were dizziness (40%), somnolence (29%), abnormal thinking (16.7%), constipation and fatigue (13.3%).
Conclusions: Despite the limitations of an open-label design, our data suggest that pregabalin may be a useful alternative prophylaxis for chronic migraine. These promising results should be confirmed in randomized clinical trials.