Does proximity to retailers influence alcohol and tobacco use among Latino adolescents?

J Immigr Minor Health. 2010 Oct;12(5):626-33. doi: 10.1007/s10903-009-9303-2.


Despite decades of research surrounding determinants of alcohol and tobacco (A&T) use among adolescents, built environment influences have only recently been explored. This study used ordinal regression on 205 Latino adolescents to explore the influence of the built environment (proximity to A&T retailers) on A&T use, while controlling for recognized social predictors. The sample was 45% foreign-born. A&T use was associated with distance from respondents' home to the nearest A&T retailer (-), acculturation (+), parents' consistent use of contingency management (-), peer use of A&T (+), skipping school (+), attending school in immediate proximity to the US/Mexico border (+), and the interaction between the distance to the nearest retailer and parents' consistent use of contingency management (+). The association between decreasing distance to the nearest A&T retailer and increased A&T use in Latino adolescents reveals an additional risk behavior determinant in the US-Mexico border region.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / ethnology*
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology*
  • California
  • Commerce
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Risk-Taking
  • Smoking / ethnology*
  • Social Conditions
  • Young Adult