Loss-of-function mutations in the human ortholog of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii ODA7 disrupt dynein arm assembly and cause primary ciliary dyskinesia

Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Dec;85(6):890-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.11.008.


Cilia and flagella are evolutionarily conserved structures that play various physiological roles in diverse cell types. Defects in motile cilia result in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), the most prominent ciliopathy, characterized by the association of respiratory symptoms, male infertility, and, in nearly 50% of cases, situs inversus. So far, most identified disease-causing mutations involve genes encoding various ciliary components, such those belonging to the dynein arms that are essential for ciliary motion. Following a candidate-gene approach based on data from a mutant strain of the biflagellated alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii carrying an ODA7 defect, we identified four families with a PCD phenotype characterized by the absence of both dynein arms and loss-of-function mutations in the human orthologous gene called LRRC50. Functional analyses performed in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and in another flagellated protist, Trypanosoma brucei, support a key role for LRRC50, a member of the leucine-rich-repeat superfamily, in cytoplasmic preassembly of dynein arms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii / genetics*
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Dyneins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Flagella / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kartagener Syndrome / genetics*
  • Male
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics*
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei / metabolism


  • DNAAF1 protein, human
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Dyneins